© 2020. Authorized by Teale Phelps Bondaroff, 778-678-8325

Research and Publications

Dr. Phelps Bondaroff conducts a wide range of research both as an independent academic scholar, as well as through his strategy and research consultancy, The Idea Tree

As a consultant, Dr. Phelps Bondaroff has examined such topics as:

  • Marine debris, derelict fishing gear, and oceanic plastics.

  • Human trafficking, slavery and labour violations in the fishing industry.

  • Shark finning and shark conservation strategies.

  • Sea grass and carbon sequestration.

  • Greenland halibut. whale, and krill conservation.

  • The impact of protected bike infrastructure and local businesses.

A world expert in illegal fishing, Dr. Phelps Bondaroff's work has played a central role in efforts to redefine illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing as fish crime; a process required to transform this previously administrative crime into a serious crime.

You can learn more about his current research project on the Campaigns and Projects page.

The principle focus of Dr. Phelps Bondaroff's academic research is the strategic use of international law by non-state actors. This focus has led him to study the strategies of organizations such as the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, Women on Waves, the Seasteading movement, the Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea, and similar groups. 

He also studies:

  • Illegal fishing, slavery at sea, and the international politics of marine conservation.

  • Canadian politics, particularly electoral political strategy and tactics.

  • Arctic and Antarctic politics and conservation issues. 

  • Environmental ethics and the philosophy of confrontational environmental groups.

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Peer Reviewed Publications


  • Phelps Bondaroff, Teale. “A Typology of Direct Action at Sea.” In Non-Human Nature in World Politics: Theory and Practice, Eds. Joana Castro Pereira and André Saramago. Springer Nature (in press).

  • Burke, Danita Catherine, and Teale Phelps Bondaroff. “Becoming an Arctic Council NGO Observer.” Polar Record, (2019), 1-11.






Non-Peer Reviewed Publications

  • Phelps Bondaroff, Teale, Bushfield, Ian, Marshall, Katie E., Prasad, Ranil, and Laurence, Noah. "House of Prayers: Supplementary Working Paper, Indigenous Content in Prayers in the BC Legislature."BC Humanist Association, January 2020, 1-16.

  • Phelps Bondaroff, Teale. “Report and Recommendations: The Urgent Need for Conservation Measures to Protect the Hong Kong Finless Porpoise.” Ed. Gary Stokes, OceansAsia, (January 2020), 1-9.

  • Phelps Bondaroff, Teale. “Abandoned, Lost, or Otherwise Discarded Fishing Gear in Canada’s Greenland Halibut Fishery.” Ed. Stephanie Ferguson. The Idea Tree Consulting, on behalf of World Animal Protection. Unpublished research report, February 2018, 1-77.

  • Phelps Bondaroff, Teale. “Pandora Bike Lanes: Qualitative Study of Perceptions of, and Impacts on Local Businesses in Lower Pandora.” The Idea Tree Consulting, on behalf of the Greater Victoria Cycling Coalition (GVCC). Unpublished research report, December 2017, 1-9.

  • Phelps Bondaroff, Teale, and Stephanie Ferguson. “Seagrass and Carbon Sequestration in the North Sea: A Role for the Sea Ranger Service.” The Idea Tree Consulting, on behalf of the Sea Ranger Service, Rotterdam, Netherlands. Unpublished research report, January 2017, 1-43.


  • Ferguson, Stephanie, Teale Phelps Bondaroff. "Ghosts of the North: Lost and Derelict Fishing Gear in Canadian Waters." The Idea Tree Consulting, on behalf of World Animal Protection. Unpublished research report, October 2015, 1-102.






Book Reviews