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Research and Publications

Dr. Phelps Bondaroff conducts a wide range of research both as an independent academic scholar, through his strategy and research consultancy, The Idea Tree, as well as in his roles as Director of Research for OceansAsia, and Research Coordinator for the BC Humanist Association

Teale Phelps Bondaroff speaking at Fish Crime Symposium

As a consultant, Dr. Phelps Bondaroff has examined such topics as:

  • Marine debris, derelict fishing gear, and oceanic plastics.

  • Human trafficking, slavery and labour violations in the fishing industry.

  • Shark finning and shark conservation strategies.

  • Sea grass and carbon sequestration.

  • Greenland halibut. whale, and krill conservation.

  • The impact of protected bike infrastructure and local businesses.

  • Wildlife crime in sea cucumber fisheries.

An expert in illegal fishing, Dr. Phelps Bondaroff's work has played a central role in efforts to re-framing illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing as a form of organized crime, an important step to encourage states to invest adequate resources in combating this crime. 

You can learn more about his current research projects on the Campaigns and Projects page.

The principle focus of Dr. Phelps Bondaroff's academic research is the strategic use of international law by non-state actors. This focus has led him to study the strategies of organizations such as the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, Women on Waves, the Seasteading movement, the Gay and Lesbian Kingdom of the Coral Sea, and similar groups. 

He also studies:

  • Illegal fishing, slavery at sea, and the international politics of marine conservation.

  • Canadian and BC politics.

  • Arctic and Antarctic politics and conservation issues.

  • Separation of religion and government in Canada and BC. 

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Peer Reviewed Publications






Non-Peer Reviewed Publications

  • Phelps Bondaroff, Teale, & Wietse van der Werf. (2019, August). “The CO2 and Fuel Efficiency of the Sea Ranger Service Sailing Work Vessels Explained.” Sea Ranger Service. 

  • Phelps Bondaroff, Teale. (2018, February). “Abandoned, Lost, or Otherwise Discarded Fishing Gear in Canada’s Greenland Halibut Fishery.” Ed. Stephanie Ferguson. The Idea Tree Consulting, on behalf of World Animal Protection. Unpublished research report, 1-77.

  • Phelps Bondaroff, Teale. (2017, December). “Pandora Bike Lanes: Qualitative Study of Perceptions of, and Impacts on Local Businesses in Lower Pandora.” The Idea Tree Consulting, on behalf of the Greater Victoria Cycling Coalition (GVCC). Unpublished research report, 1-9.

  • Phelps Bondaroff, Teale, & Stephanie Ferguson. (2017, January). “Seagrass and Carbon Sequestration in the North Sea: A Role for the Sea Ranger Service.” The Idea Tree Consulting, on behalf of the Sea Ranger Service, Rotterdam, Netherlands. Unpublished research report, 1-43.


  • Ferguson, Stephanie, & Teale Phelps Bondaroff. (2015, October). "Ghosts of the North: Lost and Derelict Fishing Gear in Canadian Waters." The Idea Tree Consulting, on behalf of World Animal Protection. Unpublished research report, 1-102.






Book Reviews


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